Healthy eating during pregnancy aims to promote the health of the expectant mom and her baby.
Here are several considerations for healthy eating during pregnancy:
Lower the risk of food borne illnesses. Avoiding raw and uncooked meats and eggs, processed meats and unpasteurized dairy can help. Cleaned and washed produce eaten raw is usually fine.
Limit foods that may adversely affect child development. Avoiding alcohol is a common recommendation.
Limiting food with high mercury to prevent neurological issues for the child. Some recommend avoiding excessive caffeine and eating too much vitamin A, such as in liver, as this may be related to birth defects.
Maintain health of expectant moms to minimize pregnancy-related complications like gestational diabetes and preeclampsia. Limiting foods high in fat, refined sugar and salt may help.
Specific nutrients to keep in mind:
Pregnant moms need more folic acid and iron (lean red meat, poultry, fish, beans and peas, prune juice) than when not pregnant.
Calcium and vitamin D for baby bone and teeth (fortified milk and dairy, broccoli, leafy greens, sardines).